Salud Pública de México

Tracking methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clones in a hospital in Southern Mexico

Miguel Ángel Ortíz-Gil, Maria Elena Velazquez-Meza, Gabriela Echániz-Aviles, Javier Paul Mora-Domínguez, María Noemi Carnalla-Barajas, Elsa Lilia Mendiola del Moral

Resumen


Objective. This study describes the clinical and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains that were collected in the Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad de Veracruz (HRV). Material and Methods. A total of 107 MRSA strains from individual patients were examined in the present study. The strains examined were collected between September 2009 and September 2010. The clinical and demographic characteristics of patients were analyzed; molecular typing by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), staphylococcal chromosomal cassette mec (SCCmec) typing and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) were used to characterize the isolates. Results. Two PFGE patterns (NY/J and IB) were identified with 4 and 3 subtypes respectively. The isolates analyzed showed two SCCmec types (I and II) and two sequence types (ST), ST247 and ST5 related with the Iberian and New York/Japan clones respectively. Conclusion. This study establishes the presence of two very important clonal lineages of MRSA: New York/Japan and Iberian clone in hospital environment.

 


Palabras clave


MRSA, Clones, Mexico

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/10786

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Salud Pública de México es una publicación periódica electrónica, bimestral, publicada por el Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública (con domicilio en Avenida Universidad núm. 655, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329-3000, página web, www.insp.mx), con ISSN: 1606-7916 y Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo con número: 04-2012-071614550600-203, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Editor responsable: Carlos Oropeza Abúndez. Responsable de la versión electrónica: Subdirección de Comunicación Científica y Publicaciones, Avenida Universidad núm. 655, planta baja, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329 3000. Fecha de última modificación: 11 de abril de 2019. D.R. © por el sitio: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública.

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